Throne Speech: what was that all about?


From May 9th to June 28th, BC politics had some of the wildest, uncertain times – even by BC standards.  I wrote about my experience with the Green negotiations and the throne speech in the Vancouver Sun (August 19th print edition).

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FILE PHOTO Premier Christy Clark arrives with her Chief-of-Staff Mike McDonald before a provincial cabinet swearing-in ceremony at Government House in Victoria, B.C., on Monday, June 12, 2017. CHAD HIPOLITO / THE CANADIAN PRESS

On June 22, Lt. Gov. Judith Guichon delivered the final Throne Speech of the Christy Clark B.C. Liberal government. It was the exclamation mark on a turbulent six week period of intra-party negotiations, internal caucus discussions and a genuine attempt to gain the confidence of the House and the confidence of the people of B.C. in the event the parties were sent to the polls for a makeup summer election.

Throughout the period following the May 9 election, I was at the heart of discussions. At Premier Clark’s direction, I worked with our negotiating team and staff to identify common ground and innovative solutions. Despite productive and vigorous discussions, less than one hour before our planned final session, the B.C. Greens pulled the plug and never entertained a formal proposal.

With Green becoming Orange, the B.C. Liberals regrouped. At first, the prevailing sentiment was that time in the ‘penalty box’ wasn’t a bad thing. But as time wore on, and the implications of what the NDP-Green pact would do to parliamentary traditions, let alone the economy, the approach changed to ‘putting six attackers on the ice.’

Coming out of the negotiations, we recognized that our proposal contained elements that voters would strongly support and they could all be accomplished within a balanced budget and provide tax relief.

In the background was the unpredictability of B.C. Green party leader Andrew Weaver. Today, we now know he is prepared to prop up the Horgan NDP government at any cost. In June, we believed we needed to test the strength of the NDP-Green pact, which was predicated on the false promise of the NDP attracting a Liberal to serve as Speaker.

Throughout early and mid-June, Weaver privately expressed his misgivings about his course of action. Some observers suggested that we fold our tent and take defeat with “dignity.” Hogwash. Our responsibility was to find a way to govern, especially given that we hold the most seats. You don’t quit before the whistle is blown.

As June progressed, the B.C. Liberal Caucus met several times to consider Throne Speech content. The full caucus discussed ideas and every member was invited to submit ideas — and most did with many of the ideas incorporated.

The Throne Speech reaffirmed the core values that unify B.C. Liberals: Fiscal responsibility, economic growth and job creation, a fair labour relations climate and bridging urban and rural B.C.

Where the Throne Speech diverged from the May election platform was around four key areas where voters felt we had under-delivered.

Child care and early childhood education, a fairer society, communities and transit, and the environment.

There were many other proposals, notably, campaign finance reform.

The government issued a blunt mea culpa. Passing political finance reform on the floor of the Legislature in June should have been a no-brainer for the Greens.

Instead, the NDP, which collected eight of the top nine largest donations in 2017, duped the Greens to continue the current fundraising rules until further notice.

On a $50-billion provincial budget, the Throne Speech commitments would have amounted to about a 1.5% increase in spending — well within a balanced budget framework, especially following a massive $2.8 billion surplus that gave us more room to move.

The Throne Speech provided the most inclusive agenda that any government has ever brought forward without losing key distinctions between the B.C. Liberals and the NDP on our core values.

B.C. voters seemed to agree. In late June, Mainstreet Research found the B.C. Liberals with an 11-point lead on the eve of the confidence vote, including support for Throne Speech initiatives. While polling can certainly be unreliable, this pollster found that the B.C. Liberals had received a “throne speech bump”.

Without a doubt, some B.C. Liberal partisans were disoriented, not to mention the media. As one adviser told me, in order to grow, you must “alienate the base” — or at least make it uncomfortable.

We’ll never know if the political calculus would have worked, but what was clear to us was that we needed to demonstrate that we were capable of listening and responding.

Alas, the Greens rejected the Throne Speech and the Lieutenant-governor passed on a summer election. We essentially ‘hit the post’ as the buzzer sounded. One month later, Christy Clark retired from the arena, sparking a process of renewal within the B.C. Liberal Party.  The Throne Speech will fade away into the mists of political history.

My regret is not that we brought forward that Throne Speech, it’s that we didn’t do it sooner.

Now, the leadership aspirants have a clean slate to put forward their own vision for the province in entirely new circumstances. Whatever course they chart for the province, they should be no less bold.

Mike McDonald directed Christy Clark’s 2013 election victory and served as chief of staff in the final two months of her government. He was part of the B.C. Liberal negotiating team with the B.C. Green party. 




  1. Mike,

    I have to tell you that your view from inside the “cocoon” regarding the post electoral period does not match with the views of all of my conservative-minded friends. We all think that the BC Liberals abandoned any differentiation from the orangreens, and that the Throne Speech represented a very thinly disguised attempt to cling to power. As you rightly say, you don’t just roll over when you have won the most seats, but it was evident to most of us after the Speech that there was a need for a new BCL order, and a chance to re-assert what it is we stand for and why.
    Until this happens I will enjoy an infrequent “free” trip across some distant bridge wondering, if Surrey can’t be “cut-off” from the north bank of the Fraser by a $3 toll, why do Islanders have to pay $75++ for the privilege of being “cut-off” from the entire Mainland? Will Mr. Horgan hear my plea?



    1. Mike,
      It wasn’t a thinly disguised attempt – it wasn’t disguised at all! The government was seeking the confidence of the House. In those circumstances, it was not ‘business as usual’. Further, I would argue that a review of the 2017 election results also suggests that the formula needed to change. The strength of the BC Liberal Party has been its ability to stretch across the spectrum to accommodate a wide range of views. We failed this year in terms of retaining support in the Lower Mainland (and continue to fail on the Island), while we actually gained support in the Interior. Support among Conservatives for the BC Liberals (in polling data) was very high, but we crashed among Liberals. So, I hear you on the impact the throne speech had on some supporters like yourself, but the view from the cocoon is that we had to address some weaknesses, and also address the context of being in a minority. Our prescriptions were ultimately unsuccessful and the leadership candidates can press ‘reset’ and bring forward their own vision which may be more effective in holding a broad coalition of voters together. But what is most important that those of us inside the BC Liberal coalition recognize the we all need to stretch in order to get to 45% and a mandate. This is not only an issue for BC Liberals. The last federal election demonstrates how the federal Conservatives have lost their grip in the Lower Mainland and need to reformulate their offering as well. I look forward to debating this with you at the Crow & Gate!



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